In Memoriam

Frederick Douglass in his autobiography My Bondage and My Freedom, created so much more than just a slave narrative. His story, when collectively absorbed, is a theoretical machine. Douglass with his narrative creates an algorithmic bridge to different social universes. His story may appear an individual struggle for freedom and[…]

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Religion & Slavery

Jupiter Hammon was born into slavery in 1711 and was raised along side his masters children. Even though Jupiter was born a slave, he was very close to his master and his masters children. This surprised me because during this time period, African American children and adults were not considered equals and were[…]

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